Wheat crops sown at the end of April to mid-May were two to three weeks early, increasing the risk of frost damage, the Finley Discussion Group’s meetings earlier this month heard.July 31, 2014 3:03am
Wheat crops sown at the end of April to mid-May were two to three weeks early, increasing the risk of frost damage, the Finley Discussion Group’s meetings earlier this month heard.
The same crops were poorly tillered with counts of 300-500 shoots/m2. By mid-May, later sown crops appeared to be tillering better with some early counts of 650 shoots/m2.
It is believed the record high temperatures at the end April to mid-May pushed rapid wheat vegetative growth from emergence to the first node stage that has led to wheat plants having one fewer tiller than normal.
Gregory, Ventura, Suntop and Livingston crops were all at the first node stage and a Suntop crop sown on May 5 was reaching the second node stage.
The crops looked at and the sowing dates of the crops in the group records were sown at the start of the recommended window — it’s a one-off with the high temperatures and something farmers can’t do anything about.
Most farmers have large sowing programs and have to start at the earliest recommended time in order to get as much of their winter crop as possible sown in the optimum period.
Making matters worse, crops were sown into excellent soil moisture and emergence was quick — often within seven days.
The optimum time for wheat flowering is the last week of September, which is the trade-off between later sowing to lower frost risk and sowing early enough to avoid higher temperatures which reduce yield.
Frosts are wanted now to slow the crops up but no frosts are wanted around flowering.
The brighter aspect is that the crops sown after mid-May appear to be tillering better, and flowering will be later — reducing the frost risk.
Growers hope last season repeats itself, with a few early-sown irrigated Livingston, Suntop and Wedgetail crops reaching the first node stage on July 20 and yielding 5-6.5
There is also early-flowering canola as there was last year, but most of these crops yielded moderately last year so it is less of a worry.
With the great start to the season many group farmers are aiming for 7-8
The shoots/m2 window at the first node stage is 500-800 shoots/m2 so the 500-shoot crops still have 8
Nutrition of most crops was excellent as it was found the first two leaves were still green. The speed of the first node development of the early-sown crops surprised farmers and meant crops should have been top-dressed with nitrogen two weeks earlier.
Paddocks have really dried out with many farmers ground top-dressing and spraying crops.
This is backed up by readings from weather stations from Yarrawonga to Tuppal and Deniliquin showing the last significant rainfalls of more than 25
The soil moisture upside is most paddocks have sub-soil moisture to 100
For spring-irrigated crops, if there isn’t a good 25
When 50 per cent of available soil moisture is left it is important to irrigate immediately, before any signs of moisture stress, because this sets up yield potential for the rest of spring.
Farmers without soil moisture sensors generally water two weeks too late and wonder why they don’t get the expected yield responses.
— John Lacy,agriculture consultant, Finley
Police, CFA, Ambulance and SES services attended a level crossing on Pouge Road in Toolamba after the driver of a vehicle hit a V/Line passenger train on the Shepparton-Seymour line at around 12 noon.
Jake Thompson has an eagle eye and a steady hand and he put both to good use recently when he won the U15 Australian Snooker Championships, held in Adelaide.
The Aboriginal and wider community is mourning the death of revered Bangerang Aboriginal elder, Uncle John ‘‘Sandy’’ Atkinson.
Former Echuca netballer Caitlyn Nevins has helped the Queensland Firebirds book a spot in next week’s ANZ Championship grand final with a thrilling 67-64 win over Southern Steel on Sunday.
IT IS all happening for Rochester Dental Clinic this month.
John Murphy remembers the after-match scenes vividly that day at Undera in mid September 1976.
Local export Willie Wheeler dominating at VFL level
Berrigan Shire councillor Daryll Morris says he has been sickened by some of the vitriol and personal attacks to surface since the council’s proposal to redevelop Finley’s Memorial Hall and School of Arts site was revealed in October last year.
ONCE in a while some people are lucky enough to stumble across their destiny.
Katamatite Garlic is going from strength to strength and its owners have been named as some of the faces of the Victorian Small Business festival.
Mathoura endured a harsh hammering to its playing confidence on Saturday with a 24-goal thrashing at the hands of Deniliquin Rovers.
SPC will abolish its internal sales team and reduce executive numbers in the latest chapter of the company’s ongoing restructuring.
The News magazines are online - read high quality magazines in your time. Check in regularly for the latest editions.
Riverine Herald's well regarded locally produced magazines. They're now online, so you can read them whenever and wherever you like.
Search for published and unpublished photos from McPherson Media Group newspapers and magazines. All our photos are available to purchase.
Place an advertisement in any one of McPherson Media Group's local newspapers.